Thursday, November 22, 2007

Ustad Sarahang - Raga Sindi Bairavi

Afghan Singer Nashenas on Pashto Classic Gahzal

Afghan Singer Nashenas on Pashto Classic Gahzal

Ustad Sarahang - Raga Malsri

Classical Music of Afghanistan-Instrument

Ustad Naim Nazary - Raga Darbari

The lyrics for the song is in Peshto/Persian.

Afghan Classical Music

Ever wondered what other nation's classical music would sound like? Well I did and I researched a bit. To my astonishment, Afghan's klasik (that's what they call it) contains ragas and talas just like our hindustani music does. They also have instruments like sitar, tabla...and a few others.

The classical musical form of Afghanistan is called klasik, which includes both instrumental and vocal ragas, as well as Tarana and Ghazals.[7] Many Ustads, or professional musicians, have learned North Indian Classical Music in India, and some of them were Indian descendants who moved from India to the royal court in Kabul in the 1860s.[5] They maintain cultural and personal ties with India -- through discipleship or inter-marriage -- and they use the Hindustani musical theories and terminology, for example raga (melodic form) and tala (rhythmic cycle).

Naghma and her husband, Mangal, with Harmonium.
Naghma and her husband, Mangal, with Harmonium.
Musicians in Herat with tourist, 1973
Musicians in Herat with tourist, 1973

Afghan ragas, in contrast to Indian ones, tend to be more focused on rhythm, and are usually played with the tabla, or the local zerbaghali, dayra or dohol, all percussive instruments.[7] Other Afghan classical instruments include the dutar, sorna, sitar, dilruba, tambur, ghichak, and Rubab.

The most famous Afghan Classical singer is Ustad Mohammad Hussain Sarahang, who is one of the Master singers in North Indian Classcial Music and is also well-known in all over India and Pakistan. Other classical singers are Ustad Qasim, Ustad Rahim Bakhsh, Ustad Nato and others like Yousof jan.


Main article: Rubab

The rubab is a common lute-like instrument in Afghanistan, and is the forerunner of the Indian sarod.[2] The rubab is sometimes considered the national instrument of Afghanistan, and is called the "lion" of instruments;[8] one reviewer claims it sounds like "a Middle Eastern predecessor to the blues that popped up in the Piedmont 100 years ago".[9] The rubab has a double-chambered body carved from mulberry wood and has three main strings and a plectrum made from ivory, bone or wood.

Famous players of the rubab are Ustad Mohammad Omar and Aziz Herawi, while modern performers include Essa Kassemi, Homayun Sakhi, and Mohammed Rahim Khushnawaz.[2]

Courtesy of WikiPedia

Sawai Gandharva - Komal Re Asavari & Gurjari Todi(Bhisen Joshi)

Rambhau Kundgolkar, better known as Sawai Gandharva (1886 -- September 12, 1952), was a well known Hindustani vocalist. He was a disciple of Ustad Abdul Karim Khan and helped make the Kirana Gharana famous.
Rambhau Kundgolkar was born in Kundgol, near Dharwad, in Karnataka in 1886. Although not from a musical family, he was keenly interested in music. He started his training in classical music under the tutelage of Ustad Abdul Karim Khan.
After completing his training, Rambhau joined a drama company and became a big hit as a singing star in Marathi theatre. It was because of his famous singing on stage that he got the name 'Sawai Gandharva', along the lines of the famous singer Bal Gandharva.
Although he became a well known classical vocalist, his most enduring legacy is that he trained great artists who would carry on the magic of the Kirana Gharana, like Bhimsen Joshi, Basavaraj Rajguru, and Gangubai Hangal.
Pandit Bhimsen Joshi holds the annual Sawai Gandharva Music Festival in memory of Sawai Gandharva.

clip of Pt. Bhimsen Joshi:

Pt Bhimsen Joshi - Mian ki Todi

Pandit Bhimsen Joshi - Raag Marwa - Bangari Mori

Pandit Bhimsen Joshi - Raag Marwa - 'Bangari Mori' - Part 2

Suha Kanada By Pt Bhimsen Joshi

Pt Bhimsen Joshi & Family

Pt. Bhimsen Joshi - Raag Todi - Part 2

Pt. Bhimsen Joshi - Raag Multani

Rag Chaya Malhar

Raaga Kedar-Sitar

Pt. Bhimsen Joshi - Boley Na Wo Humsey Piya - Raag Bhairavi

Pt Bhimsen Joshi & Jasraj - Malkauns

Pt Bhimsen Joshi - 'Sohay Larayee' - Raag Kedar

Pt. Bhimsen Joshi - Raag Yaman Kalyan

Bhimsen Joshi Raag Deshkar

Pt Bhimsen Joshi & Dr Balamurali Krishna - Bhairavi

Pt. Bhimsen Joshi - Raag Darbari Kanada - Drut teental

Pt Bhimsen Joshi - Sawan Ki Bundaniya - Raag Kedar